Favorable and Noteworthy Federal Decisions

  • Accessory After the Fact
  • Advice of Counsel or Other Expert
  • Aiding and Abetting
  • Appeal
    • Cumulative Error Doctrine
    • Government Appeal
    • Harmless Errror / Plain Error
    • Law of the Case
    • Magistrate Decision Appeal
    • Moot
    • Preservation of Issue for appeal
    • Spillover Effect
    • Sufficiency of Evidence
    • Transcripts
    • Waiver of Right to Appeal Sentence
  • Armed Robbery / Bank Robbery
  • Arrest
  • Arson and Explosives
  • Assault
  • Assimilative Crimes Act
  • Attempted Crimes
  • Attorney-Client Issues
    • Conflicts
    • Contacting a Represented Party
    • Ineffective - Generally and Procedural Issues
    • Ineffective Assistance of Counsel - Appeal
    • Ineffective Assistance of Counsel - Death Penalty Case
    • Ineffective Assistance of Counsel - Guilty Plea
    • Ineffective Assistance of Counsel - Pre-trial Motions and Investigation
    • Ineffective - trial and sentencing
    • Attorney-Client Privilege
    • Right To Counsel
    • Criminal Justice Act "CJA"
    • Right to Counsel (Waiver of Right - Faretta Issues
    • Attorney Work Product
  • Bail Reform Act
    • Bail Pending Act
    • Bail Pending Sentencing
    • Crime of Violence
    • Miscellaneous
    • Risk of Flight
  • Bank Fraud
  • Banks, Misapplication of Bank Funds
  • Bank Robbery
  • Bankruptcy Fraud
  • Batson
  • Bill of Particulars
  • Brady
    • Generally
    • Other Exculpatory Evidence
    • Other Impeaching Evidence
    • Perjured Testimony / Inconsistent Statement of Witness
    • Presentence Report and Probation Reports of Witnesses
    • Undisclosed Deals of Witness
  • Bribery and Gratuities
  • Bruton
  • Carjacking
  • Change of Venue
  • Character Evidence
  • Child Pornography
  • Child Sex Offenses
  • Child Support Recovery Act
  • Closing Argument
    • Comment on Evidence or Information not in the Record or Mischaracterization of Evidence
    • Improper Comment on Defendant's Failure to Testify
    • Improper Restriction on Defendant's Closing Argument
    • Improper Vouching or Bolstering
    • Other Improper Arguments
  • Co-Defendant's Guilty Plea or Conviction
  • Competence to Stand Trial or Enter Guilty Plea
  • Computer Fraud and Abuse Act
  • Compulsory Process
  • Confession
    • Fruit of Illegal Arrest or Illegal Search
    • Fruit of Illegally Obtained Confession
    • Miranda - Sufficiency of Waiver
    • Miranda - Sufficiency of Warning
    • Miranda - In Custody Requirement
    • Impeaching Defendant With Miranda - Or Massisah-Tainted Statement
    • Miranda - Interrogation Requirement
    • Public Safety Exception
    • Psychiatric Examination
    • Right To Counsel
    • Right to Remain Silent
    • Jackson-Denno hearings
    • Juveniles
    • McNabb-Mallory Rule
    • Sufficiency of Evidence to Corroborate a Confession
    • Voluntariness
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Confrontation Clause
    • Crawford v. Washington
  • Conspiracy
    • Drug Cases - Insufficient Evidence
    • Generally
    • Multiple Conspiracies
    • Objects of the Conspiracy
    • Pinkerton
    • Withdrawal
  • Contempt
    • Procedural Issues
    • Miscellaneous
    • Substantive Issues
  • Continuances
  • Continuing Criminal Enterprise
    • Underlying Conspiracy Conviction
  • Copyright
  • Counterfeit Goods
  • Counterfeiting
  • Credit Card Fraud
  • Crime of Violence
  • Cross-Examination
    • Improper Prosecutorial Questioning
  • Currency Transaction Reports (CTR)
  • Death Penalty
    • Penalty Phase
    • Federal Death Penalty
  • Defendant's Appearance at Trail (Shackling)
  • Defendant's Presence at Trial
  • Defendant's Right to Testify
  • Depositions
  • Destruction of Evidence
  • Detainers
  • Discovery
  • Double Jeopardy
    • Collateral Estoppel
    • Double Punishment
    • Mistrials; Reversals and Dismissals
    • Same Crime; Lesser Included Offenses
  • Drugs
    • Analogue Act
    • Causing Death
    • DRUGS (Conspiracy)
    • Doctors / Pharmacists
    • Importation
    • Maintaining a House for Purpose of Distributing Drugs
    • Possession -- Possession with Intent to Distribute
    • Precursor Sales
    • School Yard / Playground
    • Use of Juvenile
    • Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act Violations
    • Distribution
    • Identification of Drugs
  • Due Process
    • Inconsistent Prosecution Theories
  • Duress / Coercion / Necessity / Justification
  • Embezzlement
  • Enticing a Minor for Sex
  • Entrapment
  • Entrapment by Estoppel
  • Environmental Crimes
  • Escape
  • Evidence
    • Charts and Summaries
    • Evidence of Civil or Regulatory Violations
    • Defendant's Right To Present Exculpatory Evidence
    • Hearsay - Evidence Offered by the Government
    • Hearsy - Evidence Offered by the Defendant
    • Rule 106 - Rule of Completeness
    • Rule 403 - Prejudice versus Relevance
    • Rule 404(a) - Character Evidence
    • Rule 404(b) - Similar Transactions - General Principles
    • Rule 404(b) - Simliar Transactions; Other Offenses - DRUG CASES
    • Rule 404(b) - Similar Transactions - Non-Drug Cases
    • Rule 404(b) - Similar Transactions - Defendant's use of 404(b) Evidence
    • Rule 404(b) - Notice Requirement
    • Rule 405 - Character Evidence
    • Rule 408 - Civil Settlement Negotiations
    • Rule 410 and Fed.R.Crim.P. 11 (e)(6)
    • Rule 412 - Rape Shield Statute
    • Rules 413 and 414 - Evidence of Similar Crimes in Sexual Assault and Child Molestation Cases
    • Rule 605 - Judicial Testimony
    • Rule 606(b)
    • Rule 608(a) - Opinion testimony relating to witness's truthfulness
    • Rule 608(b) - Impeachment through prior bad acts
    • Rule 609 - Impeachment through prior conviction
    • Rule 613 - Prior Inconsistent Statement
    • Rule 701 - Opinion Testimony
    • Rule 702 - Expert Testimony
    • Rule 801(d)(1)(A) - Inconsistent Statement in Sworn Testimony
    • Rule 801(d)(1)(B) - Prior Consistent Statements
    • Rule 801(d)(2)(A) - Adopted Admissions
    • Rule 801(d)(2)(D) - Statement of party's agent
    • Rule 801(d)(2)(E) - Co-conspirator statements
    • Rule 803(1) - Present Sense Impression
    • Rule 803(2) - Excited Utterance
    • Rule 803(3) - State of Mind
    • Rule 803(4) - Statement Made for Medical Diagnosis
    • Rule 803(6) - Business Records
    • Rule 803(8) - Public Records and Reports
    • Rule 803(15) - statement in a document affecting an interest in property
    • Rule 803(18) - Learned Treatise
    • Rule 803(24) - Residual Exception - NOW Rule 807
    • Rule 804(a) - Definition of Unavailability
    • Rule 804(b)(1) - Prior Testimony
    • Rule 804(b)(5) - Now Rule 807
    • Rule 804(b)(6) - Forfeiture by Wrongdoing
    • Rule 806 - Impeaching Declarant
    • Rule 901 - Authentication
    • Rule 1002 - Best Evidence Rule
  • Ex Post Facto
  • Examination of Physical Evidence
  • Expert Testimony
    • Expert Evidence Offered by the Defendant
    • Expert Evidence Offered by the Government
  • Expungement of Criminal Record
  • Extortion
  • Extortionate Extensions of Credit
  • Extradition
  • Extraterritorial Application of Laws
  • Eye Witness Identification
  • Fair Trial / Free Press
  • False Statements / False Claims
  • Fifth Amendment
    • Immunity and Proffers
    • Defense Witness Immunity
    • Required Records Doctrine
  • Fingerprint Evidence
  • Firearms
    • Armed Career Criminal Act
    • Explosives
    • Possession by Prohibited Person
    • Possession by Illegal Alien
    • Possession by Drug User
    • Miscellaneous
    • Use of Firearm...§ 924(c)
  • First Amendment
  • Flight Evidence
  • Food and Drug Act Violations
  • Forfeiture
    • Attorney Fees
    • Criminal Procedure
    • Extent of Forfeiture; Proportionality; Excessive Fine
    • Innocent Owner Defense
    • Miscellaneous
    • Procedure - Generally
    • Procedure - Notice of Seizure
    • Procedure - Seizure
    • Standing
    • Sufficiency of Evidence to Support Forfeiture
  • Forgery
  • Funds for Experts
  • Gambling
  • Governmental Misconduct
    • Selective Prosecution
    • Vindictive Prosecution
  • Grand Jury
    • Attorney / Client Privilege
    • Generally
    • Subpoenas
  • Guilty Plea
    • Advice of Possible Sentence and Consequences of Plea
    • Factual Basis and Advice of Nature of Charges
    • Miscellaneous
    • Right to Withdraw
    • Voluntariness; Adequacy of Waiver of Rights
  • Handwriting Evidence
  • Harboring a Fugitive
  • Health Care Fraud
  • Hobbs Act
  • Identification
  • Identity Theft
  • Immigration Offenses
  • Immunity
  • Impossibility
  • Indictments
    • Dismissal - Rules 12(h)(2) and 48(a)
    • DISMISSAL BASED ON UNDISPUTED FACTS
    • Duplicity
    • Joinder
    • Multiplicity
    • Variances and Amendments
    • Sealing
    • Apprendi
  • Informants - Discovery
  • Insanity
  • Internal Revenue Service Summons
  • Interpreters
  • Interstate Offenses
  • Intoxication Defense
  • Jencks Act
  • Judges
    • Motion to Recuse; Removal on Remand
    • COMMENTING ON THE EVIDENCE
  • Judicial Misconduct
  • Juror Misconduct / Extrinsic Evidence / Issues During Deliberations
  • Jury
    • Alternates
    • Anonymous Jury
    • Eleven-Member Jury
    • Evidence in Jury Room
    • Fair Cross Section
    • Hung Jury
    • QUESTIONING WITNESSES
    • Removal of Juror During Deliberations
    • Replaying Testimony - Questions During Deliberations
    • Right to Jury Trial
    • Unanimous Verdict
    • Special Verdict Forms
    • Waiver of Right to Jury
  • Jury Instructions
    • Allen Charge
    • Burden of Proof
    • Defendant's Failure to Testify
    • DEFENDANT'S CREDIBILITY
    • Defendant's Theory or Defense
    • Deliberate Ignorance
    • Elements of the Offense
    • Flight
    • Good Faith
    • Inconsistent Verdicts
    • Intent / Willfulness
    • Knowledge
    • MISCELLANEOUS
    • Missing Witness
    • Presumptions
    • Lesser Included Offenses
    • Reasonable Doubt
    • Recharge
    • Sentence - Mandatory Minimums
    • Special Interrogatories
    • Spoliation
    • Standard of Review
    • Unanimity
    • Witness Credibility
  • Jury Selection
    • Batson v. Kentucky
    • False Voir Dire Answers
    • Peremtory Strikes
    • Voir Dire - Excusals for Cause
    • Voir Dire - Excusals for Cause - Death Penalty Cases
  • Juvenile Cases
  • Kidnapping
  • Lesser Included Offenses
  • Mail Fraud
    • Proof of Fraud
    • Proof of Mailing or Wiring
    • Intangible Rights - Honest Services
  • Mailing Threatening Communications
  • Merger of Offenses
  • Misprision of a Felony
  • Mistake of Fact
  • Mistake of Law
  • Money Laundering
  • Murder in Aid of Racketeering
  • Murder
  • Murder for Hire
  • New Trial / Newly Discovered Evidence
  • Obstruction of Justice
  • Opening Statement
  • Opinion Testimony
  • Parallel Proceedings
  • Perjury
  • Photographs
  • Plea Agreements
    • Breach of Plea Agreement
    • Improper Judicial Participation
  • Polygraphs
  • Pornography
  • Post-Arrest Silence and Invocation of Right to Counsel
  • Privileges
    • Accountant - Client
    • Journalist
    • Marital
    • Pre-trial Services Worker
    • Psychiatrist-patient
    • Reporter's Privilege
  • Probation Revocation / Supervised Release
  • Prosecutorial Misconduct
  • Public Authority Defense
  • Public Trial
  • Rape
  • Re-Opening Evidence
  • RICO
    • Forfeiture
  • Robbery
  • Search and Seizure
    • Abandonment
    • Administrative and Regulatory Searches
    • Airport, Bus Station and Train Station Searches
    • Anticipatory Warrant
    • Appeal by Government
    • Appellate Issues
    • Arrest Warrants - Arrests in Homes
    • Arrests - Good Faith
    • Arrest - Material Witness Warrant
    • Arrest - Pretext Arrests
    • Arrest - Probable Cause
    • Arrest - What Constitutes an Arrest?
    • Attenuation
    • Automobiles
    • Border Searches
    • Cell Phones
    • COLLECTIVE KNOWLEDGE DOCTRINE
    • Community Caretaking Function
    • Computers
    • Consent - Generally
    • Consent - Product of Unlawful Detention, Entry or Arrest
    • Consent - Third Party Consent
    • Curtilage
    • DOGS
    • Execution of Search Warrant
    • Exigent Circumstances
    • Expectation of Privacy
    • Franks v. Delaware
    • Fruits
    • Good Faith / Leon
    • GPS DEVICES and CELL SITE LOCATION INFORMATION
    • Highway Stops
    • Incident to Arrest
    • Independent Source
    • Inevitable Discovery
    • Informants
    • Inventory Searches - Impoundment
    • Knock and Announce
    • Neutral and Detached Magistrate
    • Nexus between crime and place to be searched
    • Particularity of Things to be Seized
    • Plain View
    • Pre-Search Seizure
    • Private Search
    • Probable Cause
    • Probationer / Parolee / Pretrial Release
    • Return of Seized Property - Fed.R.Crim.P.41(g)
    • Road Blocks
    • Security Sweep
    • Seizures
    • Single Purpose Container Exception
    • Staleness
    • Standing
    • STRIP SEARCHES
    • Student Searches
    • Terry Stop - Improper Frisk
    • Terry Stop - Invalid Basis for Seizure
    • Terry Stop Prolonged Duration, or Improper Nature of Seizure
    • Terry Stop - What Constitutes a Seizure
    • Waiver of Motion to Suppress
    • What Constitutes a Search
  • Securities Fraud
  • Selective Prosecution
  • Self Defense
  • Sequestration
  • Severance
    • Counts - Misjoinder
    • Severing Defendants
  • Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act
  • Sex Tourism
  • Speech or Debate Clause
  • Speedy Trial
    • Constitutional
    • Statutory
  • Statute of Limitations
  • Statutory Construction
    • Rule of Lenity
  • Subpoenas
  • Tapes and Transcripts
  • Tax Offenses
  • Telecommunications, Altering Equipment
  • Telephone Harassment
  • Theft Offenses
  • Threatening the President
  • Threatening Communications
  • Transactional Immunity
  • Travel Act
  • Venue
  • Verdict Form
  • Vienna Convention
  • Violence in Aid of Racketeering
  • Wildlife Offenses (Lacy Act)
  • Wiretap Evidence
  • Wiretap Offenses
  • Witnesses
    • Access to Government Witnesses
    • Attorneys
    • Bolstering / Vouching
    • Competence of Witness
    • Exclusion of Witness Whose Testimony Was Coerced
    • Invoking Fifth Amendment
    • Prosecutor
    • Prosecutor or Judge Threatening Defense Witnesses
    • Threat Evidence
  • Work Product